Support ChickTech
X

Research

ChickTech Research

ChickTech presents the following research about girls, women and their roles in science, technology, engineering and math:

High School

  • Girls perform just as well as boys in math classes and earn just as many math and science credits. They also earn slightly higher grades. (4)
  • Studies show that when a girl believes she can learn and become smarter in a STEM field, she is more likely to succeed in that field. (4)
  • Girls who are told that they are not good at math, score lower on math exams than boys. Girls who are told that they are just as capable as boys, perform just as well as boys on math exams. (4)
  • Exposing girls to successful female role models helps to counter negative stereotypes about women in science and technology. (4)
  • Increasing girls’ self-confidence in math and science, helps to increase the number of girls who aspire to careers in science and technology. (4)
  • Girls who take calculus in high school are three times as likely to major in a STEM field in college. (4)
  • Encouraging girls to work and play hands on with technology helps develop spatial skills and gives girls more confidence in their abilities. Those skills and confidence lead to more interest in STEM careers. (4)
  • Organized mentoring, role models, and socially oriented activities are effective methods for recruiting more girls into science and technology careers. (6)

College

  • Women make up just over half of all undergraduates, but only one fifth of engineering  undergraduates. (2)
  • From 2004 to 2009, the number of male engineering graduates rose by 11% while women engineering graduates fell by 5.2%. (3)
  • In the past 20 years, the number of women earning computer science degrees has declined by almost 15%. (4)
  • In the mid-1980s, the number of female computer science graduates was nearly 40%, in 2009 the number was only 18%. (7)

Women in Tech

  • In 2010 women still earned just 77% of what their male counterparts earned. (8)
  • Women only hold 25% or fewer positions in engineering and computer science-related fields. (4)
  • Without female input, product designs are less likely to fit women’s needs and are more likely to be tailored to men. (4)
  • Women in science and engineering tend to earn more than women in other sectors of the workforce. (4)
  • In 2008, women made up only about a fifth of computer programmers and engineers in the workforce. (4)

STEM Careers

  • Over the past 10 years in the U.S., growth in STEM jobs has been three times as fast as in non-STEM jobs. (9)
  • By 2018, projections suggest that there will only be enough computer science graduates in the U.S. to fill 29% of job openings. (1)
  • STEM workers earn 26% more than non-STEM workers. (9)
  • STEM degree holders earn higher wages, even if they work in a non-STEM field. (9)
  • STEM occupations are projected to grow by 17% between 2008 and 2018. Non-Stem fields are projected to grow only by 9.8% (9)
  • The average starting salary for a computer science major is about $56,000/year; electrical engineering is about $61,000/year. (5)

References

1) Nickens, Margaret. “Closing the Gender Gap: A Peek Inside Programs to Train Female Devolopers” (BetaBeat 7/31) available at: http://betabeat.com/2012/07/gender-gap-girls-who-code-girl-develop-it-hacker-school-etsy-black-girls-code/

2) Horting, Karen. “Statistics on Women in Engineering” (SWE, undated) available at: www.SWE.org

3) Porter, Jane. “Women Engineering Graduates at 15-Year Low” (FINS Technology, 4/13/2011) available at: http://it-jobs.fins.com/Articles/SB130221786789702297/Women-Engineering-Graduates-at-15-Year-Low

4) Hill, Catherine et. al. “Why So Few? Women in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics” (AAUW, 2010) available at http://www.aauw.org/learn/research/whysofew.cfm

5)  The Wall Street Journal. “Salary Increase by Major” (The Wall Street Journal, no date) available at: http://online.wsj.com/public/resources/documents/info-Degrees_that_Pay_you_Back-sort.html

6) Cossette, Mel et. al. “Proven Practices for Recruiting Women to STEM Careers” (Edmonds Community College, 2012) available at: http://www.stemrecruiting.org/contact.php

7) Dwyer, Liz. “Attracting More Women to Computer Science Requires Shattering the ‘Brogrammer’ Culture” (Good Education, 5/4/2012) available at: http://www.good.is/post/attracting-more-women-to-computer-science-requires-shattering-the-brogrammer-culture/

8) AAUW “simple truth about the gender pay gap” (AAUW, 2012) available at: http://www.aauw.org/learn/research/simpleTruth.cfm

9) Langdon, David et. al. “STEM:Good Jobs Now and for the Future”  (U.S. Department of Commerce, July 2011) available at: www.esa.doc.gov